Agriculture is the foundation of the Tanzanian economy. It
accounts for about half of the national income, three quarters of
merchandise exports and is source of food and provides employment
opportunities to about 80 percent of Tanzanians. It has linkages
with the non-farm sector through forward linkages to agro-processing,
consumption and export; provides raw materials to industries and
a market for manufactured goods.
Agriculture in Tanzania is dominated by smallholder farmers (peasants)
cultivating an average farm sizes of between 0.9 hectares and 3.0
hectares each. About 70 percent of Tanzania’s crop area is
cultivated by hand hoe, 20 percent by ox plough and 10 percent by
tractor. Food crop production dominates the agriculture economy
5.1 million hectares are cultivated annually, of which 85 percent
is under food crops. Women constitute the main part of agricultural
The major constraint facing the agriculture sector is the falling
labour and land productivity due to application of poor technology,
dependence on unreliable and irregular weather conditions. Both
crops and livestock are adversely affected by periodical droughts.
Irrigation holds the key to stabilizing agricultural production
in Tanzania to improve food security, increase farmers’ productivity
and incomes, and also to produce higher valued crops such as vegetables
and even flowers.
Ilkiding’a Cultural Tourism Programme invites expertise from
different place in the world to assist in the following issues partnering
Education on how to practice proper farming.
Proper ways to identify good and efficient seeds.
Donors in farm implementations and capital to small farms around
the Ilkiding’a village.
Education in food preservation after harvesting.
Education on how to obtain good market to their products.
Improvement of irrigation system that are available and introduction
of the newer once.